Gummy Smile Correction

Labeled as the cosmetic surgery for your teeth, periodontal surgery can give you the gummy smile correction you’re looking for.  Gums are the framework of a beautiful smile, when they are too long, they are simply covering the beautiful smile you have and a gummy smile surgery might be needed in order to contour your smile to perfection.

Causes of a gummy smile

  • When the upper jaw has excessive gum tissue, it may result in the abnormal eruption of the teeth. The teeth appear short even if they’re a normal length because they are covered with the gums.
  • The gummy smile may also be related to the muscles that control the upper lips, if they rise higher than normal when you smile, more gum tissue is visible.
  • Heredity and Mother Nature. If your jaw bone is protruded and has excessive bulging, this can affect the way your gum looks. It will be visibly obvious that you have a gummy smile.

A consultation with your cosmetic dentist or periodontist will give you quick answers.  The cosmetic dental professionals have a clear understanding of a proper smile line, also referred to as the aesthetic zone.  When they evaluate your smile for cosmetic reasons, they look at various factors.

  • Overall facial characteristics
  • Size and shape of your lips
  • The contours of your facial muscles and jaw line
  • Size and shape of your teeth
  • Gum tissue

Patients dealing with a gummy smile often feel embarrassed and uncomfortable to smile, if the gummy smile is relating to heredity and the natural development of an unbalanced jaw, this can affect oral health beyond aesthetics and should be addressed for health reasons and the comfort of biting while you eat.

What does the gummy smile surgery involve?

Your gum correction surgery may not involve only surgery. It may require other dental and non-dental services to give you the natural smile characteristics fit for your individuality.  Periodontists will outline a plan that may include:

  • Laser gum surgery (This is the least invasive and mostly on minor gummy smile cases.)
  • Lip Surgery (This may require a plastic surgeon referral.)
  • Orthodontics (This may require Invisalign® or traditional braces in order to move the teeth to the desired position)
  • Periodontal gum surgery (This involves sculpting the tissue and bone to create an attractive contoured gum line.)
  • Maxillofacial surgery (This is required to re-position the bone or jaw.)
  • Crown Lengthening Procedure (This removes excess gum tissue.)

Don’t be surprised if you’re required to see multiple cosmetic dental providers or even cosmetic surgeons to enhance your smile.  Some patients have also relied on non-invasive procedures and dermal fillers to plump up their upper lips in order to hide parts of the gummy smile.  Each situation is different and, depending on the severity of your case, it’s important to talk to your dentist about the best treatment plan for dealing with your gummy smile correction.

Recommended Reference Sites:

American Board of Periodontology

American Dental Association


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